40 Years Ago: Elton John Releases ‘Caribou’
Can an album be recorded in only nine days?
Elton John and his seasoned touring band had a little more than a week to complete all the tracks for the ‘Caribou’ album. Recorded in Jan. 1974, just before the boys were embarking on a tour of Japan, producer Gus Dudgeon spent some time adding backing vocals and additional instrumentation before the album’s release in late June 1974. It quickly shot to No. 1 in the U.S. and the U.K.
But is it a classic? Hard to say. It’s definitely sandwiched between two undisputed masterpieces, ‘Goodbye Yellow Brick Road‘ and ‘Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy.’ Compared to those epics — the former a double album full of hits and legendary deep cuts, the latter a song cycle chronicling John and lyricist Bernie Taupin‘s long strange trip into superstardom — most albums probably wouldn’t measure up.
Perhaps “classic” is just too strong a word. Let’s say instead that ‘Caribou’ is a really solid effort from John in what’s easily his most creatively fertile and successful period.
Two of the tracks from ‘Caribou’ have gone on to become signature songs for the Rocket Man. The opening cut, ‘The Bitch Is Back,’ is a staple of John’s live act and classic rock radio. It’s become sonic wallpaper, but give it a closer listen next time it stumbles into view; the Tower of Power horns kill and Davey Johnstone’s guitar is still so fresh and so clean.
The other classic track, ‘Don’t Let the Sun Go Down on Me,’ almost didn’t make it to the record. Apparently the session where John recorded his vocal was difficult because the singer was never satisfied with his efforts. At one point, according to Philip Norman’s ‘Sir Elton: The Definitive Biography,’ John listened to a playback and remarked, “That’s a load of crap. You can send it to Engelbert Humperdinck, and if he doesn’t like it, you can give it to Lulu as a demo.”
But what’s magical about ‘Don’t Let the Sun’ isn’t just John’s vocal; it’s what happens around it. Ray Cooper, who would later tour solo with John and has session and live history with several other British rock luminaries, adds just the right flourishes on tambourine and sleigh bells. The echo of the drums calls to mind Phil Spector‘s productions. And recognizing the debt some of his songs owed to them, John invited the Beach Boys to participate in the backing vocals; Bruce Johnson and Carl Wilson both add their distinctive voices to the mix. The pieces and parts may seem cheesy on their own; taken together, they’re a powerful testament to John and Taupin’s songwriting, and the strength of their ’70s-era band.
On other ‘Caribou’ songs, the band continues to take center stage, including John’s own keyboard skills. The uptempo rocker ‘You’re So Static’ kicks off with a deep funky groove and quickly builds to a frenzied crescendo of distorted guitar, horns, and tambourine — every instrumentalist firing on all cylinders, goading each other to the limits of their skills. At the center is John’s piano, his fingers on a manic sprint up and down the keys. ‘Pinky’ offers a lighter vibe, a mid-tempo ballad punctuated by Cooper on bongos and Dave Hentschel on synthesizer. Johnstone slips in between the lines of the chorus with spot-on acoustic guitar licks.
Some of the songs on ‘Caribou’ were no doubt quickie castoffs, but each of them has their charms. This is not one of John’s towering achievements in pop music. Instead, ‘Caribou’ represents the simple pleasure of a brilliant rock songwriter and performer working quickly at the top of his game, surrounded by an incredible band. Even if its ambitions are small, it fully realizes those ambitions. ‘Caribou’ doesn’t have to be a classic to be a great listen.